It is impossible to declare with 100% certainty which professions will be in demand in the future. Let us turn to the experience of this year: could anyone have predicted a pandemic and the rapid growth in the demand for couriers, doctors, e-commerce, and food tech specialists?
Professional skills of the future
Experts can make rough forecasts, but technologies and circumstances that are updated annually can make significant adjustments. For example, in 2020, entrepreneurs realized that their business needed to have an online presence. Accordingly, the demand for website development, the formation of marketing strategies, promotion in social networks, etc. have grown. Of course, all businessmen would gradually grow up to the idea of switching to online, but quarantine and the coronavirus crisis accelerated these processes.
It is logical that then the following question arises –
Is it realistic to understand what specialists will be in demand in 10-20 years?
We can definitely formulate what skills you will need in the future:
- Critical thinking
- Communication skills
- Willingness to learn continuously
- Systems thinking
- Multiculturalism and multilingualism
- Ability to work in high uncertainty mode
Experts from the World Economic Forum and Skolkovo, researchers from LinkedIn spoke about this. In the future, there is no place for those who hardly dare to try new approaches and techniques, who want to study for only 4 years at the university, and those who cannot find approaches to different people. Of course, we are talking more about soft skills, but now let’s move on to hard skills.
Professional skills that will be in demand
Participants of the World Economic Forum told in their reports what technologies will be introduced by their companies in the next five years, which means they will seriously change the labor market:
- Big Data (85%)
- mobile and web applications (75%)
- Internet of Things, IoT (75%)
- machine learning (73%)
- Cloud technologies (72%)
As you can see, IT professions will definitely be in demand in the future, so you can safely build a career in IT.
But don’t think that if your professional field seems to be far from technology, then you shouldn’t understand programming and big data. Indirectly, automation and technology are penetrating all areas. Teachers need to master the technology so that they are not replaced by the Internet and computers; it would be good for accountants to study programs for collecting and processing data in order to get away from manual work; Journalists will find it useful to be proficient with speech recognition programs and control drones, for example. Think now, what is the probability that you will be replaced by a robot or a machine in the foreseeable future, and outline a career plan.
What other spheres will actively develop in the near future: medicine, biotechnology, agriculture (there is less and less food on the planet!), Ecology (but more and more garbage), energy and resources, transport, nanotechnology, robotics, education.
In 2015, with the support of the Skolkovo Business School and the Agency for Strategic Initiatives, the Atlas of New Professions was released. Based on over 30 foresight sessions, in which more than 2,500 experts in various fields participated, the researchers identified professions that are likely to disappear by 2035 and new specialties that will appear in the future. We invite you to study this large study on your own, and we will only highlight those professions of the future that we liked: digital linguist, cyber researcher, designer of virtual worlds, time broker, emotion designer, science artist, space tourism manager.
Where to learn the professions of the future
After finding out who is more promising to work, a reasonable question arises – where to learn a profession in demand?
So far, universities do not have a department of cosmotourism and a faculty of design of wearable energy devices, so the choice of educational options is small. To begin with, choose an already existing direction, for example, cybernetics or medicine, and after graduating from higher education, proceed to narrowly focused additional studies. For example, if you want to become a GMO agronomist, first study the fundamental theory of soil science, chemistry, and ecology, and then take additional courses. Don’t forget to read the latest news about technological innovations and analyze how they can be applied in your field. Drones in the police service, Big Data in banking, a doctor’s consultation using Zoom is already a reality. Remember that narrow specialists at the intersection of spheres are always more in demand.
Some more companies are ready to retrain their employees for modern trends, but you need to understand that the employer will pay for the education that will benefit him, he will not have to choose here.
Summing up the article, let us once again outline what you need to remember in order to be successful in the future:
- Pull up soft skills
Professional skills alone are definitely not enough. Between two specialists of a similar level, the recruiter will always choose the one that he could win over.
- Remember the importance of technology
It is not necessary for everyone to become a developer, but having basic technical knowledge is very useful for everyone. A specialist in any field who implements modern technologies will always be in demand. Whether it’s a farmer, ecologist, teacher or designer.