critical thinking

What is critical thinking? Top 10 Points to understand

Is it easy for you to identify connections between ideas, to notice inconsistencies in the arguments of the interlocutor? If so, congratulations: you are critical thinking. What is it and what does GLOBUS have to do with it, says Nikita Nepryakhin

1. What is it all about?

Critical thinking is a system of judgments that is used to analyze things, phenomena, events and for the subsequent drawing up of objective conclusions. A person with developed critical thinking with a whole set of skills is observation and the ability to substantiate their point of view, focus on the study of information and the ability to apply analytical skills in a variety of situations.

2. Where can critical thinking come in handy?

Everywhere. This is not an exaggeration: the ability to think critically can be useful in any area of ​​our life – both children and adolescents and adults.

A person who has critical thinking is capable of:

  • understand the logical and causal relationships between different ideas and concepts;
  • quickly analyze the judgments of others and evaluate them;
  • competently design your own arguments and convey them to others;
  • notice inconsistencies, inconsistencies and common mistakes in logic and argumentation;
  • note the importance and relevance of ideas to the general context;
  • reflectively assess their own opinions and beliefs.

3. What is the GLOBE?

To answer the question “how does it feel to think critically?” In more detail, I developed a system of six requirements.

To make it easier to remember them, a simple abbreviation was formulated – GLOBUS, where each letter reveals a specific aspect of the concept.

4.G – flexible thinking

This criterion is one of the key ones. The world is changing at an incredible speed, therefore, in order to adapt to absolutely any conditions, we must change along with it.

This means the ability to “juggle” different options for action, going beyond the usual framework. This is the ability not only to quickly look for new strategies, but also to revise their decisions, to abandon old views if they turned out to be wrong. A person with flexible thinking does not see the situation unipolarly, and even if something did not work out for him, he does not give up, as there is always another alternative.

An inflexible person is a hostage of his attitudes and stereotypes. He is uncompromising, categorical and intractable. Only flexibility in thinking, character, and behavior helps to avoid unnecessary conflicts and unnecessary stress.

5. L – logical presentation

Usually, when we talk about logic, we mean the ability to reason reasonably, abstract, analyze, make informed inferences, and act consistently.

Critical thinking and logic are like Siamese twins: it is impossible to imagine a critically thinking person who is not able to understand, for example, causal relationships. However, any logic is powerless by itself. It will triumph only if other criteria are met.

6. About – reasonable judgments

The third point closely related to the previous criterion. Critical thinking is impossible without convincing reasoning. Proving any position, a critically thinking person will never say: “Yes, I’m telling you!”, “Trust me!”, “I said, period!”, “Yes, this is understandable to a fool!”. Demanding from other logical and proven arguments, he himself will never slip into unfounded statements.

He will not take any thesis on faith without an adequate evidence base: confirmed facts, statistical data, solid scientific research, references to specific experience.

7.B – an impartial approach

This means not adjusting logic to your selfish desires, striving for justice, being able to control your emotions and calmly perceive reality. Thinking as if from a third person, a kind of arbitrator.

Perhaps this is one of the most difficult criteria. It is difficult to be impartial, because in our head there are many formed mental programs, suggestions, beliefs and attitudes. And our ego, at times, selfishly influences thoughts and actions. To avoid this, you need to ask yourself the questions more often: “Does the subjective attitude speak in me?”, “Is there my personal interest in this decision?”, “What would a person from the outside do?” etc.

It is impossible to achieve absolute impartiality, but everyone should strive for this.

8. U – ordered thoughts

To think critically means to think in an orderly, systematic, consistent, organized way. This requires putting things in order in your thoughts. In a mature and strong mind, there can be no chaos, erratic, confused thoughts: they give rise to disorderly speech, then random decisions follow, which ultimately leads to an unorganized life.

Harmony can only be born in order. A person who thinks in an orderly manner, makes consistent decisions, systematically evaluates information, masterfully owns analysis and synthesis. It is difficult to confuse or confuse him with a clear line of meaning.

9.C – independent thinking

A critically thinking person is a self-thinking person. Of course, we can listen to the opinions of others, the main thing is that this is a conscious decision. You need to think on your own not in spite of, for someone, demonstrating adulthood and how original you are. This must be done for ourselves. Otherwise, others will think and make choices for you.

But there can be no complete autonomy, this is isolation. We are not Robinsons Crusoe on a desert island, we are social creatures interacting with each other and living in a single information field according to special rules. To paraphrase a well-known expression, we can say that our independence ends where the independence of another begins.

10. How to apply critical thinking?

There are many ways. Professor Samantha Agus, in a TED-Ed video tutorial, suggests a five-step approach.

Formulate the problem. For example, you are encouraged to try a diet that promises results in two weeks. Setting a personal goal – to lose weight, improve nutrition – will make it easier to critically assess this information and match your needs.

Collect information. You can ask the experts for advice. This will help evaluate all alternatives.

Use information. Ask yourself a number of critical questions: “What am I guided by in this situation?”, “Do I think that they tell me the truth?”, “Does my interpretation of information sound meaningful?”, “What responsibility lies ahead?”

Think about the consequences. Let’s say a candidate promises to reduce the cost of gasoline at gas stations during the election race. Sounds great, but what about the long-term impact on the environment? You should always think about the impact of certain decisions on future events.

Explore other points of view. This will help you see options, evaluate your choices, and make an informed decision.