Frontend vs Backend

What to choose – Frontend vs Backend in 2021

Frontend vs Backend in 2021: Getworkz experts use clear examples to explain what front-end and back-end development is and how to choose between them in 2020. From the article, you will learn what knowledge front-end and back-end vendors cannot do without, what salaries developers can really claim, and what books to read in order to become the master of frameworks.

Frontend vs Backend

Frontend vs Backend

The webspace is the most popular part of the IT world, so it is not surprising that a huge number of people want to become a part of it. If you don’t like being a blogger or some other “humanist” and you really want to leave your mark on the web, you will have to figure out the differences between the front-end and the back-end. Our quick overview will help you.

Let’s start with the basics, that is, definitions. 

  • Front-end (frontend, frontend, front-end) – the client part of the web, the interface between the machine and the user. 
  • Back-end (backend, back-end, back-end) – software and hardware part of the World Wide Web.

To make it easier for you to understand, let’s draw a simple analogy. A web page is a pretty girl (or a guy who is closer to whom). Imagine your acquaintance or date.

The first thing you pay attention to is appearance. This is a frontend. Your focus gradually shifts from large and bright details to small things – so that the hair is combed, the skin is well-groomed, and in general, it is clear that the person was preparing for a date. So it is with sites, only in this case you are considering tables, buttons, blocks, pictures, and so on. As with a person, neatness and overall pleasant appearance are important here first of all, and only then bright accents. These tasks are solved by frontend-developers, “stylists” of the webspace.

Sooner or later on a date, your interlocutor opens his mouth, that is, shows the first signs of a backend – his intellect. The ability to attract attention not by looks, but by behavior is a small matter, but in order to maintain focus, you really need to try. It’s the same with websites. Unusual functionality is good, but really cool when it’s built on a flawless foundation, is intuitive, and works the way it should. Backend developers have to deal with this task.

What to learn

Okay, in general terms, we figured out how the frontend differs from the backend. If you are still in doubt about the choice, let’s try to delve into the tools used and understand what threatens you …

Required minimum front-end developer

HTML is a hypertext markup language. In other words, it is the main tool for creating the appearance of a web page: text, pictures, tables, blocks, and other basic design elements. Sites in pure HTML are no longer found, but without knowledge of this language, there is nothing to do in the frontend.

CSS is essentially a set of templates for formatting a page. Allows you to implement a general design script on a web page, to give it a beautiful and finished look without unnecessary duplication of code.

JavaScript – unlike the previous representatives, this is a full-fledged programming language, formally related to the front-end. In fact, the possibilities of JS are much wider than the organization of “appearance”, it is possible to create many “server” features on it. If only the developer had imagination, and there was an interpreter in the browser.

The choice for the future backend developer

PHP is the most common server-side language in Russia and in the world as a whole. Sending a letter, processing requests, and generally organizing any activity on the web is up to PHP in most cases.

Python is one of the easiest languages ​​to learn. It copes well with the duties of the “engine” of the web thanks to its convenience and framework, which will be discussed a little later.

Ruby is another server-side language that gained insane popularity at the time thanks to the web framework.

SQL is a language for processing databases, without which the backend, one might say, does not exist. Any social network, online store, or just a page full of information is hard to imagine without reference to external databases.

Go is a language specially developed by Google for high-load services. Since most Google services have such a characteristic, and they cope with their tasks perfectly, the language quickly went to the people.

Java is a versatile and powerful programming language for developing web and corporate applications, banking software, high-load services, mobile applications, software for embedded systems, perfect for test automation. Less suitable for developing games and desktop applications. It is not at all suitable for frontend development, there are of course tools that allow you to develop frontend, but in fact, Java code is then translated into JavaScript.

In truth, there are many less popular languages ​​in web development, but enough for a basic introduction. I hope you now have a better understanding of what frontend and backend development are. To make things even clearer, let’s move on to libraries and frameworks.

Front-end frameworks

It’s almost impossible to describe the advantages and disadvantages of any of the frameworks listed here in a couple of sentences, so we’ll leave that to you for your own study.

React.js – this framework, like many other frontend frameworks, is focused on using JavaScript. To evaluate it as a first approximation, let’s say one thing – it is being developed and actively used by Facebook Inc. Their social network and Instagram service is the best React.js ad.

Angular is a product of another corporation, Google. Gained great popularity due to the convenience and tools for creating a material design – a trend that has not lost its popularity for more than 5 years.

Vue.js is a kind of intermediate link between Angular and React, both in popularity and functionality. He does not have a large patron but provides such a level of convenience that on tasks of initial difficulty you will consider him your magic wand.

jQuery is one of the oldest JavaScript frameworks, the most widely used on the modern web. 74% of the top 10 million sites were built using jQuery. The library’s simplicity makes it easy to implement simple DOM and animation in a minimum of time with minimal threat of negative consequences.

 

Back-end frameworks

Framework – software that greatly simplifies the creation of applications and other digital products. In the backend, most of the frameworks are tailored for their specific language, truly multilingual ones are rare and ineffective.

Yii2 (PHP) – each popular language has its own framework in the backend. For example, Yii2 helps you work with PHP. So if in the future you want to do the hardware in this language (and contrary to expectations it is still popular), then you will have to get acquainted with Yii2.

Django (Python) is the very framework that allows you to use Python to its fullest in the world of the web. Popularity is explained very simply: the capabilities of a huge number of web developers do not reach PHP, C, Java, and other languages, and there is more than enough desire to create. And just with Python and Django, everything is going well for them.

Ruby on Rails (Ruby) – To understand the beauty of RoR, you need to understand Ruby and its community. The language is relatively complex, but its developers are good-natured (and love to share source code). So it turns out that, using Ruby on Rails, you may take a long time harnessing, but you will go quickly.

Spring (Java) is a framework for developing web applications in the Java language, which includes a large number of modules (MVC, Boot, AOP, Security, Data, REST, etc.). Each of the modules allows you to easily and quickly solve problems arising in the development of web applications: Spring MVC / Boot – the main module, Spring Data – working with a database, Spring Security – security configuration, Spring REST – building REST services. Spring is currently one of the main Java developer tools.

Other

The difference in other tools lies in the area of ​​understanding the profession. Front-end developers mostly need visualization tools (i.e. graphical editors) and templates. The relevance of knowledge plays a slightly larger role here.

Backorders rely on development environments that simplify many actions and on modeling systems. They make it clear how the site will work on the client-side – and this is the most important aspect of development.

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